Far-right terror is growing in the West, bucking the trend of international falling terror levels, an annual global terrorism report shows.
The 2019 Global Terrorism Index (GTI), which registered a reduction in global deaths from terrorism for the fourth consecutive year, reported a 320 percent increase in far-right violence over the past five years.
And this year, the phenomenon has intensified. Total deaths linked to far-right groups rose to 26 in 2018. Seventy-seven deaths have traced to the far-right since the end of September this year.
The U.K. mentioned in the report above Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the Palestinian Territories in the annual list of the countries most impacted by terrorism.
The GTI rates Britain as the world’s 28th most impacted region-the worst ranking for a nation in Western Europe.
Also, Turkey (16) and Ukraine (24) are higher rated in Europe. After Central America and the Caribbean, the continent is the second-best performing region.
Overall terrorist deaths in 2018 (15,952) were 54 percent lower than their peak in 2014
• 71 countries experienced at least one terrorist death in 2018
• Afghanistan experienced the worst deterioration in 2018, recording 7,379 terrorist deaths, replacing Iraq with the lowest index
• Iraq was not the country most affected for the first time since 2003.
While the far-right only contributes only a fraction to global terror deaths, it is an increasing threat to the West, rising by 320 percent over the past five years.
Jacob Aasland Ravndal, a research fellow at the University of Oslo’s Center for Extremism Research (C-REX), said Euronews far-right violence is a “huge world of violence that is hard to capture.”
His research in 2019 has not shown any specific numbers of far-right violence but has highlighted six of the European countries which are more violent: Sweden, Germany, Britain, Spain,
Greece. He has published “Extremist right violence and terrorism.”
“We see a very recent trend in mass shootings related to online forums on the internet. It’s a transnational trend that started in New Zealand with Christchurch, a few copycats in the U.S., and has now landed in Europe with the attacks on Germany and Norway.”
He points to some disparities between the far-right in northern and southern Europe, with anti-immigrant rhetoric flaring up in the north in recent years, and the more conventional ongoing conflict between fascism and the south left wing.
Tactics have also changed significantly: “People sit behind screens rather than attacking each other in the streets. Many young people are involved in politics, participating through the media,” he said.
It’s different from the past skinhead campaigns he’s added. “Violence is not at the root of the fight, but there is a more nuanced approach to it, attracting more from colleges than from pubs or soccer stadiums.
The Global Terrorism Index published by the Australia-based think tank Institute for Economics & Peace.
These rates countries by metrics, including the number of terrorist attacks. Fatalities, casualties, and property damage, using the Global Terrorism Database.
IEP Executive Chairman Steve Killelea summarized the findings: “Analysis by IEP shows that war and state-sponsored violence are the leading causes of terrorism. More than 95% of terrorist deaths occurred in nations that were already in the conflict in 2018.
“The number jumps to over 99 percent when paired with countries with high levels of political violence. Of the 10 countries most terrorist influenced, all engaged last year in at least one violent conflict.”
“The number jumps to over 99 percent when paired with countries with high levels of political violence.Of the 10 countries most terrorist influenced, all engaged last year in at least one violent conflict.
The party accounted for 6,103 deaths in 2018, a rise of 71 percent from 2017. It estimated that roughly half of Afghanistan’s population lives either in Taliban-controlled areas or where they are involved and commit attacks regularly.
The continuing destruction of extremists from the so-called Islamic State (ISIS), as well as successful military operations against Al-Shabaab, contributed to the worldwide drop in terror deaths – which led the Taliban to overtake ISIS as the deadliest terror group in the world in 2018.
Since its founding in Southern Afghanistan in 1994, the Afghan Taliban movement has changed considerably, and some analysts have identified it as an integral part of the global jihadist movement.
Leaders of the Afghan Taliban often use anti-Western slogans “al-Qaeda-style,” and militants advocate suicide bombing as a tactic — a practice that was previously unknown in Afghanistan. Besides, the most immediate enemies of the Afghan Taliban are the United States and its allies, claiming to have occupied their country since 2001. In Afghanistan, they do not fear to attack and to kill foreigners, both civilian and military. Is it just a matter the Afghan Taliban becomes more actively involved in international terrorism.